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Stirling Terrace Precinct, Albany


City of Albany

Place Number

There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.


Stirling Tce Albany

Location Details

Even nos. only: 32-190

Local Government



Great Southern

Construction Date

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage List Adopted 27 Oct 2020
State Register Registered 07 Dec 2007 Register Entry
Assessment Documentation
Heritage Council

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Local Heritage Survey Adopted 27 Oct 2020 Exceptional


Essential to the heritage of the locality. Rare or outstanding example.

Classified by the National Trust Classified 14 May 2007

Heritage Council
Register of the National Estate Indicative Place

Heritage Council

Statement of Significance

Stirling Terrace Precinct, a predominantly late Victorian and Federation period townscape set along a segmented crescent plan overlooking Princess Royal Harbour, Albany and containing a diverse range of building types and styles, has cultural heritage significance for the following reasons:
the historic precinct is a fine and relatively intact example of a late nineteenth century and early twentieth century townscape, dating primarily from 1867 to 1915, demonstrating a range of activities and support infrastructure associated with the foundation and development of a prominent nineteenth century town;
the historic precinct is rare as a prominently located townscape with a town plan dating from the foundation of the settlement with a set of finely designed Victorian and Federation period buildings;
as the original commercial heart of the town, the historic precinct was an important part of the development of the region and the State to varying degrees from the 1830s until World War One when Albany was a prominent town in the Colony and Australia, due to its role as the Colony’s coal depot for the international mail and passenger service, which linked Europe to the eastern colonies. This role was expanded with the addition of regional railways and interstate telegraph links;
viewed from the harbour and from the western approaches to the town, the historic precinct as a whole is a landmark, strengthened by the strong vertical accents of the Royal George Hotel and the former Post Office;
the historic precinct is highly valued by the local community for its aesthetic values and historic associations and, along with the defining topography of the Princess Royal Harbour, Mount Melville and Mount Clarence, is as one of the elements that contributes to the local community’s sense of place and to the identity of Albany;
within the precinct, G.T. Poole’s designs for the Post Office and Court House demonstrate creative excellence and J.T. Hobbs’ design for the Sandover & Co store, which later became Drew Robinson & Co.’s store, at 108-110 Stirling Terrace makes innovative use of large plate glass windows; and
the historic precinct includes buildings designed by prominent architects James Manning, Lt. General Sir J. T. Hobbs, J. Herbert Eales, and George T. Poole, and was historically the location of businesses founded and run by significant Albany and regional identities including Thomas Sherratt, Alexander Moir, John Robinson, Charles Drew, Frank Dymes, Edward Barnett, J.F.T. Hassell, and E.G. Everett.

Physical Description

Stirling Terrace is located on a rise overlooking the Princess Royal Harbour in the City of Albany. It comprises the northern and southern sides of Stirling Terrace, Albany between Spencer and Collie Streets, and including the Albany Court House (1898) situated at the north-western corner of Collie Street. The street has a segmented crescent plan form and intersects with York Street, which is now Albany's principle commercial street. Buildings on the street date predominantly from 1867 to 1915 and feature the stylistic characteristics of the Victorian and Federation periods of architecture. The topography is visually striking and the harmonious architectural composition of diverse building types and styles provides additional visual interest. Most of the built fabric is located on the northern side of Stirling Terrace with the development to the street boundary of the lots. Generally speaking this is a continuous wall of buildings and the majority are substantial, two storey masonry structures. The street also contains mature trees.

The finer pieces in this section include: Albany Court House (1898); the London Hotel (1909); the Union Bank (fmr) (1885); the Empire Building (1912); the original Western Australian Bank (1891) and the attached Drew Robinson & Co. store (1891; 1916); Sandover & Co. store (later Drew Robinson & Co. (1891; 1915); Edward Barnett & Co. building (c. 1888; 1892; 1911); the National Bank (fmr) (1881); Drew Robinson & Co/Dylan's 'On the Terrace' (1880s); White Star Hotel (1910); Royal George Hotel (1910/1911); Glasgow House (1882; 1911); Edinburgh House (1882); Argyle Buildings (late 1880s; 1890s); and, Everett Buildings (1908; 1912). To the south are the public open spaces and vistas that provide views towards Princess Royal Harbour. Featured within this landscpe is the richly decorative and complex Albany Post Office (fmr) (1869; 896), the timber Queen's Park Rotunda (1897) and the Taxi Rank and Women's Rest Room (1909) in the Federation Queen Anne style.

Refer also to: Considine & Griffiths Architects in association with Kris Bizzaca, Stirling Terrace, Albany, Conservation Plan, October 2000.


Stirling Terrace is one of the City of Albany’s most significant heritage assets, both as a streetscape and as a collection of Victorian and Federation period buildings overlooking Princess Royal Harbour. Stirling Terrace is located in visually striking topography and its segmented crescent plan form remains basically as it was when first recorded by Surveyor Hillman in 1835. The mature trees and the harmonious architectural composition of diverse building types and styles provide additional visual interest.

Stirling Terrace was developed from the 1830s following the establishment of Albany as part of the Swan River colony, and was an important part of the development of the region and the State to varying degrees from the 1830s until World War One. The 1835 Hillman survey plan set the scene for the emergence of Stirling Terrace as the prime location in the town, with a rich variety of social, commercial, leisure, institutional and service functions. The majority of the built fabric which remains today was completed in the period 1867 to 1915. The buildings were designed by some of the State’s most eminent architects and many were built for prominent citizens and institutions.

Over the years the commercial focus of Albany has moved to York Street, with many institutions, such as banks and the post office relocating there. Free of substantial development pressure at a critical time, Stirling Terrace has managed to retain many of its historic structures and features. Viewed from the harbour, and from the western approach to the town, Stirling Terrace has a landmark quality as a whole.

Refer also to: Considine & Griffiths Architects in association with Kris Bizzaca, Stirling Terrace, Albany, Conservation Plan, October 2000.


Integrity: High
Authenticity: High/Moderate




Name Type Year From Year To
G Johnston Architect - -
Robert Greenshields Architect - -
J C Smith Architect - -
E N Wayne Architect - -
J Herbert Eales Architect - -
George C Inskip Architect - -
James Manning Architect - -
Lt General Sir J T Hobbs Architect - -
T Anthoness Architect - -
George T Poole Architect - -


Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
Heritage Assessment, P14922, 2007
Heritage TODAY Assessment 1999 & 2000.
Considine and Griffiths Architects, ‘Stirling Terrace, Albany, Conservation Plan’ (2001)

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
7730 Images CD No. 42: Stirling Terrace Precinct, Albany Courthouse complex, old Kalgan River Road bridge, new Kalgan River Road bridge. C D Rom 2006
7665 Design parameters for Stirling Terrace heritage areas. Heritage Study {Other} 2000
8851 Albany waterfront structure plan. Heritage report, heritage impact study. Heritage Study {Other} 2007
8344 Albany waterfront. Brochure 2006
5038 Stirling Terrace, Albany : conservation plan. March 2001. Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2001
255 Evaluation for restoration: historical precinct Stirling Terrace and lower York Street Albany WA Report 1983
11381 White Star Hotel Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2015
11358 Cast iron pillar boxes of Western Australia: An early history of the J & E Ledger foundry Book 2015

Place Type

Precinct or Streetscape


Epoch General Specific
Original Use COMMERCIAL Hotel, Tavern or Inn
Original Use COMMERCIAL Insurance Building
Original Use COMMERCIAL Restaurant
Original Use COMMERCIAL Shop\Retail Store {single}
Original Use COMMERCIAL Office or Administration Bldg
Original Use COMMERCIAL Bank
Original Use COMMERCIAL Shopping Complex
Present Use COMMERCIAL Shopping Complex

Architectural Styles

Federation Queen Anne
Federation Free Style
Federation Filigree

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Wall BRICK Rendered Brick
Wall BRICK Common Brick
Wall STONE Local Stone

Historic Themes

General Specific
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Land allocation & subdivision
OCCUPATIONS Commercial & service industries
OCCUPATIONS Hospitality industry & tourism

Creation Date

05 Jul 2002

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

05 May 2022


This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.