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CONVICT ESTABLISHMENT (West End Conservation Area)


City of Fremantle

Place Number

There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.



Location Details

Local Government




Construction Date

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
(no listings)

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
(no listings)

Statement of Significance

The Convict Establishment is a precinct of exceptional significance within the West End Conservation Area because it covers the area of the original land grant provided for convict purposes in the 1850s. Over time the area was developed for the Convict Establishment, subsequently Fremantle Prison, the Fremantle Police Station and Court House, the Fremantle Hospital and Fremantle Oval. All these places are considered to be of State significance in their own right.

Physical Description

The Convict Establishment Conservation Area is defined as the area bounded by Henderson St and Henderson St Mall, south east along South Tce to Alma Street, east along Alma St to Hampton Road, north on Hampton Rd to Knutsford St, west on Knutsford St to Holdsworth St, along Holdsworth St to Queen St, and northwest along Queen St to Henderson St.


The first convicts arrived in the Swan River Colony in June 1850. Their arrival had an enormous impact on the still struggling colony largely increasing the population and making an enormous contribution to local infrastructure.
Under the direction of Captain Edmund Henderson and his assistants Lieutenant Henry Wray and Clerk of Works John Manning, as well as the supervision of the Royal Engineers, the convicts constructed public buildings, roads, bridges, and water systems. On the 40-acre convict grant, the convicts built the prison and houses for the prison hierarchy including ‘The Knowle’ for Superintendent Henderson (still standing in the grounds of the Fremantle Hospital complex). They went on to build the commissariat stores, the lunatic asylum, the police station, the barracks, the warders' cottages, the boys' school, and Fremantle bridge.
For history of later development and use of the area refer to Heritage & Conservation Professionals, 'Fremantle Justice Precinct Conserv


Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
MI not adopted - See West End Conservation Area entry as the parent precinct

Place Type

Precinct or Streetscape


Epoch General Specific
Original Use GOVERNMENTAL Other

Creation Date

08 Oct 2002

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

23 Mar 2019


This data is provided by the City of Fremantle. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this data, the City of Fremantle makes no representations or warranties about its accuracy, reliability, completeness or suitability for any particular purpose and disclaims all responsibility and all liability (including without limitation, liability in negligence) for all expenses, losses, damages (including indirect or consequential damage) and costs which you might incur as a result of the data being inaccurate or incomplete in any way and for any reason. Under no circumstances should this data be used to carry out any work without first contacting the City of Fremantle for the appropriate confirmation and approval.